As to this salvation can refer to faith in Christ, it can refer to deliverance in time or it can refer to deliverance in eternity; all are the deliverance of sanctification. In other words, salvation is used wherever the scripture uses sanctification. These two words, salvation and sanctification, are on a parallel course. Salvation: “believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and thou shalt be saved” is called positional sanctification because at the point of salvation every believer enters into union with Christ, which makes him holy. Salvation is also divine deliverance through grace in time, which we call experiential sanctification and involves the mechanics of the Christian life. Salvation is also deliverance for all eternity in a resurrection body, which we call ultimate sanctification.
The prophets here refer to the writers of the Old Testament Scripture. The prophets did not understand the filling of the Spirit and the universal indwelling of the Spirit but they did understand spiritual knowledge and application of that knowledge. The word prophets in 1 Peter 1:10 has no definite article, which places emphasis on the prophets as writers of Old Testament Scripture. There were some great prophets like Elijah and Elisha who were not writers. If we were talking about prophets in general there would be a definite article. But in Greek the absence of the definite article limits this to writers of the Old Testament.
In the formation of the canon of Scripture the Old Testament writers had to be prophets by gift or by office. In the New Testament Scriptures the writers had to be apostles or one closely associated with an apostle, like Mark who was not an apostle but was associated with Peter, and like Luke who was not an apostle but was associated with Paul. In the formation of the canon God used a special type of gift. And in each case God the Holy Spirit provided the information.
These prophets of the Old Testament foretold the grace that would come in the future. This means that you can learn about God’s grace in the Old Testament as well the New Testament. God’s grace has always been functional in the lives of mankind and always will be throughout all eternity. However, the writers of Scripture foretold of a time when this same grace would be poured out on others. Remember, the writers of Scripture did not always fully know what they were writing about but they were always writing by inspiration of God the Holy Spirit.
Since these Old Testament writers did not always fully understand what they were writing, they constantly made “careful search and inquiry.” Search is the Greek word “exeraunao,” which means to explore or to trace diligently. It means to explore new areas of doctrine. Inquiry is the Greek word “ekzeteo,” which means diligent investigation. It implies they were constantly studying the Scriptures for further information.
Seeking to know is the Greek word “eraunao” and it means to examine, to trace or to explore. The word for time is the Greek word “kairos,” which means dispensation. The writers of the Old Testament were all dispensationalists. The Spirit of Christ is a functional title for the Holy Spirit. It is a reference to the Holy Spirit Who, obviously at this point, is providing information to Old Testament writers about Christ. So it is a functional title. Within them means the Old Testament writers were indwelt by the Spirit. Indicating is the Greek word deloo, which means to bring to light or make plain. The Holy Spirit brought things to light and made them plain. He predicted means to present the facts before they occurred, the facts concerning the death, burial, resurrection and ascension of the Lord Jesus Christ. The Holy Spirit did this. There were two aspects of the coming of Christ. The first was the sufferings of His first coming; His death, burial, resurrection and ascension. And second will be the glories that will be His at His second coming.
Regeneration is the act of God the Holy Spirit in imparting spiritual life to a person at the time of faith in Christ as his Savior. This person is said to be born-again, alive from the dead and a new creature. (Titus 3:5-6)
The indwelling of God the Holy Spirit begins immediately upon faith in Christ and is permanent. This ministry is unique to the Church Age in which we live. It is this ministry that assures our royal status, since all believers, regardless of their spiritual health, are equally indwelt by the Holy Spirit. (Galatians 3:2-3; 4:6; Acts 1:8; I Corinthians 2:12; 3:16-17; 6:19-20; John 14:16-20; Colossians 1:27)
The sealing ministry is the believer’s guarantee of eternal life. It is through this ministry that believers are secure forever. (II Corinthians 1:22; Ephesians 1:13; 4:30)
Upon faith in Christ, the believer is placed in permanent union with Christ by means of the baptism of the Holy Spirit. This union guarantees us a share of Christ’s inheritance. (Romans 8:14-17; I Corinthians 12:13; Ephesians 1:3-11)
At the moment of salvation, the Holy Spirit, in sovereignty, gives every believer at least one spiritual gift. These gifts are given so that the local church can properly function. (I Corinthians 12:11; Ephesians 4:11)
When the believer is filled with the Holy Spirit, every area of his life is being influenced. The filling is temporary, depending on the believer’s fellowship with God. (Ephesians 5:18; Galatians 4:19; 5:22-23)
God the Holy Spirit is the believer’s teacher and guide. Believers learn Bible doctrine when they expose themselves to it under the control of the Holy Spirit. Ignorance of God’s Word means limited guidance by the Holy Spirit. (John 7:17; 14:26; 16:13-14; Romans 8:14; I Corinthians 2:10-16; II Timothy 2:15; 3:16)
The ministry of intercession is the Holy Spirit mediating on behalf of the believer. Since He is indwelling us, He is able to “make groanings which cannot be uttered” for us. His intercession is for us in times in which we are unable to pray due to intense suffering, distress or when we simply don’t know how or what to pray. (Romans 8:26-27)
The ministry of glorification of Christ is accomplished in the life of the believer as he executes the Christian Way of Life. If the believer chooses to allow the Holy Spirit to control his life, and learns, believes and applies Bible doctrine, the character of Christ can be formed in him. (John 16:14; Galatians 4:19; 5:22-23)
In the same manner that the Holy Spirit sustained Christ in His humanity, He sustains the believer. “Sustain” is defined as supplying the needs of a person. God the Holy Spirit sees to it that all of that believer’s needs are met. The needs may be physical, spiritual, emotional or material. God in His wisdom knows our needs and has promised to meet them. This is a part of the sustaining ministry of God the Holy Spirit. (John 14:16-18,26,27)